Before washing the woolens, it is important to read what is written on the print slip of the sweater or garment; that is, whether it is to be hand-washed, machine washed or needs to be dry cleaned. In case of dry cleaning, simply find a professional dry cleaner to handle it for you. However, in the case of machine and hand washing, be careful not to damage the fabric.
With machine washing, choose soft cleaning options and shorter cycles and also set the water temperature at low. Add the liquid or powdered detergent specifically for the woolens and mix it thoroughly before adding the garments. Make it a point to flip the clothes inside out before dipping them in the washer. Run shorter cycles and then tumble dry them in the dryer (if permitted). Make sure to dry them in the shade and do not hang them vertically to avoid misshapen woolens.
If hand washing, make sure there is no added force to remove the grime. The brute force used can lead to damage of the woolens and the fibers that can make them rough and scratchy over time. Fill the bucket and use warm water and liquid detergent for washing. Soak the woolens for a few minutes and then gently rub and squeeze them before rinsing them with water. Rinse the clothes once or twice with cold water to remove the soap and then squeeze the water out of them. Dry them horizontally and in the shade as well to avoid damaging the woolens by the harsh sunlight.
Ironing and storing
Not all woolens can be ironed so read the label before choosing to do so. If they can be ironed, then set the iron temperature at a woolen favorable setting. Lay the woolen down and put a thin cloth over it to add some protection for the fiber. Gently iron the garment without being too heavy on it. After ironing, fold the woolens loosely and make sure not to hang them with other clothes. Lay them on the shelf and add moth balls to avoid any damage from insects. Do not restrict air from passing or it will make the woolens smelly over time.